This Warsaw Ghetto wall fragment stands in a secluded apartment courtyard accessed from ul. Zlora 62 and ul. Sienna 55.
Built in 1940 by the Nazis as part of the newly designated Jewish District, the brick wall at Sienna 55 stands at ten feet high and is the largest remaining wall fragment in Warsaw. The wall features commemorative plaques on the structure’s “Aryan” side established by Polish historian, WWII veteran, and Sienna apartment resident Mieczysław Jędruszczak in the 1970s. Two bricks on the “Aryan” side of the wall were removed in 1989 and sent to the United States Holocaust Museum in Washington to create a casting of the wall for the museum’s permanent Holocaust exhibition.
The easiest way to access the wall is through the courtyard entrance at ul. Zlota 62.
Documented in 'The Black Book of Poland' in 1942, Polish worker Bronislaw Stempien, age 47, was arrested at his home at 32 Lubelska Street by the Gestapo for the possession of banned firearms. Stempien was tried by the German Sondergerichte, or so-called special district court, sentenced to death, and subsequently executed. These German special courts enacted laws in occupied territories to try citizens and Jews for any and all acts that they deemed as "crimes". Sondergerichte court records frquently refered to Poles as subhuman and used this concept of racial inferiority to punish Poles to the full extent.
During the Gestapo's early occupation of Warsaw, death notices were frequently published each time a citizen was tried in an effort to intimidate the Polish people; however, this practice ended when the numbers of persecuted citizens became to high and too frequent to publish.